The Bibbulman Noongar existed for more than 40000 years on the land and many of us can imagine how beautiful it was. Crabs, prawns, oysters, mussels, kangaroos , birds, fresh water and more. When settled by the white people, a simple view would be the black fella took what he required to live off the land and the white fella did the same when he arrived be it his own salted pork, flour and biscuits or the local kangaroo, fish and birds until his own crops and livestock began to establish themselves. To the white fella, sheep, cattle and crops were a commercial prospect but to the black fella, they were tucker just like the kangaroo.
The settlers had landed in 1829 and proclaimed the Swan River Settlement but by 1832 the colonies prospects had stagnated. Whilst Captain Stirling was absent, Captain Irwin resorted to The English military method of control, employed for the most minor acts of theft.
In the diaries of George Fletcher Moore , you gather a reasonable white man’s account of day to day life in the new settlement but he is reluctant to give a positive indication to anybody to follow in his footsteps. ”Despatched James this day with potatoes, cauliflowers, turnips, and cabbages, to market. A servant of the Governor passed to-day, and told a fine budget of news, about an attack of the natives on the Government House. I do not believe it; but the natives have undoubtedly made sad havoc among the flocks of sheep in the neighbourhood; they took eleven from Mr Brown, nay worse, speared his cow, and afterwards being fired at for this offence, came stealthily and killed his shepherd; and as a grand finale, drove away no fewer than sixty-seven sheep, belonging to Mr. Bull, of which, though hotly pursued, they slaughtered forty-seven, enroute. These wholesale doings must be checked by the presence of a body of yeoman cavalry, when horses can be procured, which it is the intention of the Government to supply to those persons who shall enrol themselves. I intend to serve either as a private or an officer, I care not which. Additional magistrates have been appointed since I was here, in order to act with the military on any sudden emergency; and a party of soldiers has been stationed on the hills at the head of the Swan.”
Jeremy Marten said in his blog http://historysnapshot.blogspot.com/2014/04/the-execution-of-midgegooroo-in-perth.html, ”It was the increasing number of bloody confrontations between settlers and Noongar communities that presented the most serious threat to the stability of the colonial state during Stirling’s absence. By the early 1830s the expanding British settlement had seriously restricted indigenous people’s access to and use of land in and around Perth. Hints of ‘impending unrest’ had first emerged in 1830 when the theft of flour and potatoes, and the spearing of pigs and sheep, resulted in a skirmish between a colonial militia and a Noongar group near Lake Monger.
By 1832, continuing indigenous opposition combined with settlers’ anxiety and uncertainty about the colony’s future ‘brought tension to a flash point’. Bloody attacks were followed by even bloodier reprisals and over the following two years several settlers and scores of Noongar people were killed. The ongoing conflict clearly had the potential to undermine the authority of the government, and Captain Irwin had little compunction in employing drastic methods in his efforts to crush indigenous opposition and curb settler vigilantism.
Irwin concentrated his attention on breaking the back of Noongar resistance in Perth and in the process overlooked many atrocities committed by colonists. Furthermore, he frequently dispensed with legal procedures altogether and resorted to summary justice.
The bravery of Yagan is well known as was his betrayal and murder at the hands of two young white men, The Keats brothers in the Swan Valley but it is Yagan’s father Midgegooroo we speak of today, the leader or elder of The Beeliar people. It was noted by early colonists Midgegooroo took care of the women and children of the tribe and refused the white man any casual labour would be performed by his people. He continued to travel with his people throughout the white mans settlement. I have seen two accounts leading up to the deaths of two white settlers two miles beyond Bulls Creek in 1833 which saw a reward proclaimed for Yagan and his father Midgegooroo. One being after an incident where a Noongar was fired upon in Fremantle overnight. A group of Aboriginal people, including a brother of Yagan named Domjun, broke into stores occupied by Mr. Downing. William Chidlow, who lived nearby: “… perceived two or three natives in the act of breaking into the stores; he aroused some of his neighbours and each being armed, they surprised the natives in the act, Chidlow fired and Domjum fell; the guns of the persons who accompanied Chidlow were discharged at the natives, as they fled. Domjum was conveyed to the jail where he received medical attendance; the ball lodged in his head, and although the brains were exuding from the cavity, he lingered for three days before he expired. Yagan had gathered his men at Point Walter and after selecting their targets on the third wagon the following day, proceeded to spear the two men , Thomas and John Velvick many times each. Midgegooroo was arrested within days on the 17th of May and with no trial the Executive Council issued a death warrant after briefly considering a series of depositions presented on 21 May. It was only on the day of Midgegooroo’s execution that he realised what was occurring and he began to struggle but was overcome by force, pinioned, blindfolded and taken to the gate of the Perth gaol to be tied to it as volunteers of The 63rd Regiment gathered with their rifles. It was Irwin who gave the order to fire, the Beeliar elder died of 3 balls to the head and one to the body.
Only this week we learned of the discovery of Matthew Flinders remains during the construction of a new railway in Britain. Flinders had circumnavigated Australia in 1801 with Bungaree, the first Aboriginal man to do so (?) Matthew Flinders remains along with many others will be treated with dignity but the same cannot be said for Midgegooroo’s. His people were refused his body and he was buried in an unmarked grave inside the grounds of the jail to teach his people a lesson.
A skull and bones were found in 1923 and presumed to be Midgegooroo’s but were lost and recent earthworks at the old prison site uncovered remains possibly of Midgegooroo. What upsets me is the remains are scattered amongst cables and pipes added as recently as the 70s. Surely seen by the contractors but covered up so as not to draw attention?
I’ve learned nothing of the outcome of this discovery, has there been closure as yet for the descendants of Midgegooroo and his people?
Click here to help bring back the Old Swan Brewery Lights.
1857 saw the creation of the Swan Brewery by Frederick Sherwood at the foot of where Sherwood Court now stands. After his passing, his family leased the brewery and the new partners to use the fresh water at the base of Mt Eliza and hire of convict labour, constructed a new brewery building in 1879 we all know today.
The Swan Brewery saw them come and go buying up all before her from Lion, Stanley, Castlemaine, Albion, Kalgoorlie and Emu whilst employing the staff and buildings for her own purposes including bottling and distribution.
1966 saw some production shift from the Old Swan Brewery to the Emu Brewery on Spring Street. 1978 saw new facilities at Canning Vale and the ownership of the Swan Brewery change several times ultimately ending up today owned by Japanese brewer Kirin Brewery Company. Our once Western Australian made beers are now produced in South Australia and Tasmania.
The Old Swan Brewery complex were originally built in 1838 as a mill for timber-cutting as well as flour-grinding. These were the first steam driven mills in Western Australia, they were later taken over as one of the first convict depots (following the acceptance of convict transportation by the colony in 1850), the buildings were subsequently (between 1959 and 1879) used as a tannery, and at one time contained a restaurant (used by travellers between Perth and Fremantle). In 1877 it was acquired by the Swan Brewery Company. The brewery buildings constructed in 1879 on the Swan River foreshore beneath Mount Eliza became one of Perth’s dominant and favourite landmarks. It was surrounded by a complex of other buildings which have since been demolished or redeveloped. The car-park building on the opposite side of Mount’s Bay Road replaced the historic stables which caught fire and were demolished in 1988. Nevertheless, the state’s Heritage Council noted that, prior to redevelopment,
The place contains, albeit partially demolished, the finest connected group of late-Victorian and early 20th-century brewery buildings in Australia in a red brick and tile Federation style idiom. Thanks to Wiki
In 1989, the West Australian state government vested the site in the building company Multiplex for a peppercorn rental, with a view to its being redeveloped as a commercial precinct. Perth’s Noongar community reminded the state government of the site’s ancient and sacred Indigenous Australian significance, and established a protest camp on the site, while challenging the issue at law and seeking to have the land reclassified as a public reserve. They were opposed by a Brewery Preservation Group which argued the indisputable heritage value of at least the 1879 industrial building. The developers argued that the brewery had been built on land reclaimed from the Swan River and, therefore, the site of Noongar heritage importance was further inland, close to the Mount Eliza escarpment and the fresh water spring known as Kennedy’s Fountain. Ultimately the protest was unsuccessful and the development of the property went ahead. The on-site protest had endured for many months and culminated in a bitter but non-violent confrontation with police on 8 January 1990 at which several arrests were made. In August 1992, police had to break through picket lines to allow development work to proceed.
The renovated 1879 building contains a cafe/restaurant and function centre which re-opened in 2001. It also contains a microbrewery which produces malt ales and lagers. There is also a display of historic photographs and artefacts but for me what is missing is the festoons of lights that created the shapes of ships and boats. From 1962 for the Commonwealth Games, lights would be turned on each evening and we never knew heading up and down the freeway what the ship would be. As time went by, the lights were changed for the 150th celebrations and then for the America’s Cup win.
I would love to see the lights returned and kindly ask you to sign a petition here to add your support for such an undertaking. I do not wish to annoy those who now live there with light flood or visual pollution or add to their power bill. There are new lights seen from only where they point, if it is too difficult, install the lights to one side of the old brewery on public land as you would a flag pole or on the cliff of Mt Eliza?
The lights would bring so much nostalgia and be something refreshing from our past as we proceed farther away from what was.
Please click here to add your support, Cheers Duff.
I shared a playlist yesterday of my favourite Australian songs that mean so much to me and it’s difficult to keep it to only 100 artists. I like loud music although when alone I like a few slow ones plus a little comedy and I’m proud when a West Aussie goes on to make it big.
After Luciana played the songs last night and I reviewed the many comments of Lost Perth followers, I began to fine tune the list of the songs and artists we remember so well.
Whilst we all have different tastes and I am missing some of the early greats such as Johnny O’Keefe , Helen Reddy, Olivia Newton John, Russel Morris, Peter Allen, The Seekers , John Williamson , Air Supply , Savage Garden and the Bee Gees , I included the bands and artists from across the ditch with the long fluffy clouds whose songs we know word for word from our youth but Rick Springfield doesn’t get a pozzy.
There isn’t a song here I don’t listen to regularly and I hope there are songs that you have forgotten that bring some joy to your day once more along with all the memories to go with it.
I might try and break the artists into some groups from comedy including Rodney Rude (please don’t click the link if you do not appreciate his humour) to the cuzzie bros who saw red in the 80s. Those artists and recordings unavailable on Spotify I have linked to YouTube.
We’re good at laughing at ourselves and we love a good comedian so when these recordings hit the shelves, we snapped them up with fervour.
Billy Birmingham brought us The 12th Man and one of my favourites is Marvellous
MOJO matched footy’s effort with C’mon Aussie C’mon.
Slim Dusty produced a memorable hit proclaiming his favour for a beer with Duncan
Surely huge sales only followed the release of Farewell Aunty Jack Theme due to the use of the word ‘bloody’?
A real entertainer and darn good full forward, Mark ‘Jacko’ Jackson went on after his career to star in many popular TV commercials and produced the appropriate I’m An Individual
Rodney Rude is my favourite comedian and his first cassette released had me in tears. I met him and thanked him sincerely for always being there and for sharing his talent. I Hate Cats is a sample of what tickles my funny bone. Would you believe Rodney is 76 on the 29th of January born 1943.
Whilst based in Sydney I listened to Triple M when Doug Mulray was at his peak producing a cassette full of laughs. His song I’m A Punk still entertains me.
My Kiwi comedy link has to be Baked Beans by Mother Goose.
We had some great times at the local pubs listening to the bands and every so often a Western Australian artist or band makes a name for themselves and these are the ones I enjoyed.
Brian Cadd born in Perth 29th November 1946 and the beautiful Ginger Man
Tod Johnson formed V-Capri, a much appreciated local band who performed That’s The Way
Formed in Perth in 1980, The Eurogliders produced high quality recordings of some great songs including Can’t Wait To See You
Supernaut made it across the Nullarbor thanks to Molly Meldrum producing a couple of well known songs including I Like It Both Ways
Play this song and watch the teenagers dance to it, she was such a great entertainer and Christie Allen‘s music is still infectious including Goosebumps
Maybe one of the greatest front men in rock Bon Scott? He grew up on Harvest Terrace North Fremantle performing in a pipe band joining ACDC after appearing in two earlier bands before belting out hits such as Whole Lotta Rosie.
Johnny Diesel Soul Revival
The radio was always on at home and these songs I remember so well.
The Masters Apprentices Turn Up Your Radio
The Mixtures In The Summertime
Stevie Wright Evie
Archie Roach performed his song Took The Children Away in 1991, receiving a break through artist award for this very moving song. Archie is just 63 having produced a great volume of work and supported countless youth.
Daddy Cool Eagle Rock
Jon English was a very successful immigrant winning over the Aussie population with songs such as Hollywood Seven but my favourite performance was in All Together Now.
Richard Clapton Deep Water
Flash & The Pan Hey Saint Peter
Colleen Hewett Day By Day
Renee Geyer Say I Love You
Marcia Hines You
Tina Arena Burn
Christine Anu My Island Home
Pat Wilson Bop Girl
Wendy Matthews The Day You Went Away
Kylie Minogue Celebration
Kate Ceberano Bedroom Eyes
Colleen Hewett Wind Beneath My Wings
John Farnham made his comeback with the brilliant You’re The Voice We see Johnny here in his Sadie days with Perth’s beautiful Jenny Seaton (Clemesha)
John Swann you may not know is Jimmy Barnes older brother who performed Lady What’s Your Name The best gig I ever attended was Swanee at The Penrith Leagues Club in 1983, I’ve never seen a better entertainer. One of the great moments of Aussie Tellie was Andrew Denton interviewing John and Jimmy asking about their family life.
Mark Holden I Wanna Make You My Lady
Jimmy Barnes Working Class Man
Rick Price Not A Day Goes By
Ian Moss Tucker’s Daughter
John Paul Young I Hate The Music
Brian Cadd Ginger Man
Darryl Cotton Same Old Girl
Daryl Braithwaite The Horses
ACDC as we know performed Highway To Hell which I like to believe was written about Canning Highway on the way to the Raffles Hotel.
INXS Just Keep Walking
Skyhooks Women In Uniform
Ted Mulry Gang Jump In My Car
Icehouse Great Southern Land
Models Out Of Mind Out Of Sight
Midnight Oil Short Memory
INXS rocked the venue with Don’t Change and I will never forget it and have always been a fan.
Little River Band Help Is On It’s Way
The Angels are a great favourite of mine and I regret not chatting with Doc when I saw him having a cuppa shortly before he passed away to say thank you. Am I Ever Gonna See Your Face Again? Doc said on stage the song was written for a mate he lost after a motor cycle accident which has become an Aussie classic.
Boom Crash Opera The Best Thing
Cold Chisel’s Flame Trees is one of many hits produced by a legendary Aussie band I am happy to have seen in the early days in the pubs of NSW.
Weddings Parties Anything Father’s Day
The Divinyls I Touch Myself is Chrissy’s legacy now helping reduce the risk of breast cancer the world over.
The Ferrets Don’t Fall In Love is a little beauty I thoroughly enjoy every now and then.
The Black Sorrows Chained To The Wheel
Jo Jo Zep and The Falcons Shape I’m In
The Radiators Comin’ Home
Machinations No Say In It
Hush Bony Moronie
Mondo Rock Come Said The Boy
Australian Crawl The Boys Light Up
Mi Sex Computer Games
Rogue Traders Voodoo Child
Spiderbait Black Betty is a ripper, what a brilliant version of a childhood classic.
Goanna Solid Rock
Yothu Yindi Treaty
Hunters and Collectors When The River Runs Dry
The Church Unguarded Moment
Rose Tattoo Bad Boy For Love
Mental As Anything Live It Up
Kids In The Kitchen Change In Mood
Big Pig Breakaway
Real Life Send Me An Angel
The Party Boys He’s Gonna Step On You Again
Uncanny X-Men 50 Years
Moving Pictures What About Me?
Psuedo Echo Don’t Go
The Reels According To My Heart
Paul Kelly Dumb Things
The Screaming Jets Better
Chocolate Starfish Four Letter Word
Choirboys Never Gonna Die
Powderfinger Baby I’ve Got You On My Mind
Silverchair Straight Lines
Sunnyboys Alone With You Tonight
Hoodoo Gurus Death Defying
The Sports Don’t Throw Stones
Gangajang Sounds Of Then
1927 If I Could
Men At Work Be Good Johnny
Ol’ 55 On The Prowl
Redgum I Was Only 19
Split Enz I See Red
Noiseworks Take Me Back
Dragon recorded some great songs in their short history including Rain Mark Hunter passed way too young.
The Swingers Counting The Beat
Max Merritt & The Meteors Slipping Away
Crowded House Better Be Home Soon
Mark Williams and his rocking Show No Mercy , what an awesome pair of lungs this man has.
OMC How Bizarre
Dave Dobbin Slice Of Heaven
Rest In Peace and thank you for the memories to these and more entertainers.
The Perth Entertainment Centre had turned one and Queen had just released A Night At The Opera as a young Duff was approaching 12 years of age beginning to choose favourite bands thanks to influences from my school friend Richard Ollerenshaw , cousin Marin Garbin and Countdown. My first albums were Sweet, Fleetwood Mac, Queen, Meatloaf, ELO and borrowing my sisters ABBA records.
Queen in Australia had been booed off stage previously at Sunbury in Victoria due to arriving two hours late, a story disputed by Daddy Cool front man Ross Wilson. The release of their hit Bohemian Rhapsody saw Queen grab headlines and fill venues for many years to come including our own Entertainment Centre April 11th 1976.
A rare Queen interview by my favourite Saturday morning music show, ‘Sounds Unlimited’ during Queen’s time in Perth whilst presenting their ‘A Night at the Opera’ Tour. Were you at the concert and does it still bring you joy today that you were one of only 8000 Sandgropers to witness such an event? The movie, Bohemian Rhapsody released recently mentions Perth and I was so proud to see it knowing we made an impression on them 43 years ago. Maybe future generations will refer to us as RAC Arena and Optus Stadium?
So many songs take me to a special place such as Bohemian Rhapsody that transports me to the Ollerenshaw’s home on Central Road Rossmoyne playing cricket with Richard, Michael and David in the back yard in our youth we thought would last forever.
Queen below at the studios of Radio 6PM, Perth, 12 April 1976 courtesy of SLWA
In the past 6 years, I have gathered the best memories I can to print on t shirts which when worn in public (after doing so myself) spark conversations with complete strangers bringing back memories of the past with one another such as The Perth Entertainment Centre from ABBA, Queen and ACDC, The Swan Brewery and familiar logos such as Made In Way. Your support buying these t shirts will see the range of designs and sizes increase to help fund what I do behind the scenes at your favourite Facebook page, Lost Perth.
Since cars began to compete with horses, service stations have been around such as Newell’s on Albany Road Kelmscott opposite The Ponderosa.
Whilst offering fuel and oil, the attendants would check your tyre pressures, fluid levels, wipers and battery whilst keeping up with the local gossip. Original servos offered several brands of fuel, it wasn’t until Golden Fleece came on to the scene that suppliers began to establish themselves such as Plume, Esso, Shell, Mobil, BP, Caltex, Neptune and others.
Shell seen here in Floreat and Esso on Central Road Rossmoyne would employ up to 7 local children of a Saturday morning to cope with the number of locals filling up before the stations closed at midday. Friendly cheerful service and if they noticed anything, a service area attached to the servo always had a mechanic on hand to look after any issues.
In the case of Mr and Mrs Mercer’s garage, they stored peoples caravans onsite, serviced peoples cars, motorbikes and engines plus their son built race cars to go to Wanneroo on the weekends.
Each service station began to appeal to customers offering their own brands of lubricants , boat and lawn mower fuels to keep you coming back. These tins and oil bottles are highly sort after today.
And speaking of the weekend, servos would close by law at midday Saturday and a sign such as this would be hung in the window to display the nearest roster station. It never paid to run your tank low because some rosters would be a fair hike to reach. It often paid to check the Western Mail and Sunday Independent for locations.
The Independent service stations that were taken for granted were swallowed up from the late 70s by their fuel suppliers bringing out self service pumps assuring us of lower prices. I don’t know about you but I would pay a little more to have that opportunity for a chat and my tyres filled with air such as the only remaining example of the past at Lori’s of Kelmscott.